Look here for example definitions which involve a component you may not have used before or one you may not quite understand. The definitions are annotated to explain the component in a certain context and how it functions in relation to the whole definition. This is a limited selection and features a range of uses, but ideally the definitions would spark ideas for how the component can be used in a variety of ways, many yet to be discovered.
NEW Resource: The Grasshopper Desktop Companion compiles a set of grasshopper tools for the beginning to advanced user, providing examples of experimental and efficient workflows for specific Grasshopper components. The Companion, accessible now, is under continued developed by the Dripps + Phinney Studio and the UVA School of Architecture.